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  • Scottish covenanters
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Scottish Covenanters and Irish Confederates

by David Stevenson


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The New Scots, the men of the army the Scottish covenanters sent to Ireland, were the most formidable opponents of the Irish confederates for several crucial years in the 1640s, preventing them conquering all Ireland and destroying the Protestant plantation in Ulster. The greatest challenge to the power of the covenanters in Scotland at a time when they seemed invincible came from a largely Irish army, sent to Scotland by the confederates and commanded by the royalist marquis of Montrose.

Thus the relations of Scotland and Ireland are clearly of great importance in understanding the complex 'War of the Three Kingdoms' and the interactions of the civil wars and revolutions of England, Scotland and Ireland in the mid-seventeenth century. But though historians have studied Anglo-Scottish and Anglo-Irish relations extensively, Scottish-Irish relations have been largely neglected. Scottish Covenanters and Irish Confederates attempts to fill this gap, and in doing so provides the first comprehensive study of the Scottish Army in Ireland.


  1. Scotland and Ireland in the Early Seventeenth Century I. The ulster Scots II. The First Bishops' War, 1639 III. The Second Bishops' War, 1640
  2. The Irish Rebellion and Scottish Intervention, 1641-1642 I. Reactions in Scotland and Treaty II. The Recruiting and Organising of the Army III. The Attitude of the Irish Rebels to the Scots
  3. The New Scots in Ireland, 1642-1644 I. The Campaign of 1642 II. The Campaign of 1643 III. Financial and Political Problems, 1642-1644
  4. The Irish in Scotland, 1644-1647
  5. The New Scots in Ireland, 1644-1646 I. The Campaign of 1644 II. Financial and Political Problems, 1644-1646 III. The Campaigns of 1645 and 1646: Benburb
  6. The End of the New Scots I. The Decline of the Army, 1646-1647 II. The Engagement, 1647-1648 III. The Aftermath, 1648-1650 IV. Scotland and Ireland in the 1650s
  7. The Relations of Scotland and Ireland
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    140mm x 23mm x 215mm
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